Torque of a three phase induction motor is proportional to flux per stator pole, rotor current and the power factor of the rotor. T ∝ ɸ I2 cosɸ2 OR T = k ɸ I2 cosɸ2 .
What is torque in induction motor?
Torque is the turning force through a radius – with the units Nm in the SI-system and the units lb ft in the imperial system. The torque developed by an asynchronous induction motor varies when the motor accelerates from zero to maximum operating speed.
How do you calculate maximum torque of an induction motor?
The developed torque is maximum when the rotor resistance per phase is equal to the rotor reactance per phase under running conditions. By putting the value of sX20 = R2 in the equation (1) we get the equation for maximum torque.
How is motor torque measured?
A relatively simple method to estimate torque on the output shaft of an electrical motor is to measure its electrical power input via an electrical power meter. The meter calculates the power input by measuring the current and voltage in the line driving the motor.
How do we calculate torque?
A practical way to calculate the magnitude of the torque is to first determine the lever arm and then multiply it times the applied force. The lever arm is the perpendicular distance from the axis of rotation to the line of action of the force. and the magnitude of the torque is τ = N m.
What is the torque of a motor?
The driving force of an electric motor is torque – not horsepower. The torque is the twisting force that makes the motor running and the torque is active from 0% to 100% operating speed. Note! – the full torque from zero speed is a major advantage for electric vehicles.
What is the starting torque?
Starting torque is the torque transferred by the shaft coupling during run-up (see Start-up process). It is calculated based on the ratio of power (P) to angular velocity (ω) and is represented as a rotational speed function.
How do you calculate torque needed to move a car?
The required tractive torque of the motor shall be equal to the tractive torque at wheel, Tw = Ft. rw , (i.e. Tractive Torque = Tractive Force x mean wheel radius). So you must determine the acceleration required to reach you designed speed.
What is the relation between torque and speed in induction motor?
The relation between torque and speed are inversely proportional to each other. The torque of a rotating object can be mathematically written as the ratio of power and angular velocity.
How do you increase the torque of a motor?
To increase the torque … that a bit harder. All you can do, electrically (as you can do it mechanically via gears), is to reduce the source impedance to maximise the current that can be delivered for a given stator impedance. Rewind it with more turns of thinner wire.
In what units is torque measured?
The quantity torque (or moment of force) may be thought of as the cross product of force and distance and the SI unit for torque is Newton metre, N m (m2 kg s-2).
What is 1 Nm of torque?
How do you use torque equation?
Mathematically, torque can be written as T = F * r * sin(theta), and it has units of Newton-meters. When the sum of all torques acting on an object equals zero, it is in rotational equilibrium.
At what angle is torque minimum?
(c) Zero (minimum) torque occurs when θ is zero and sin θ = 0.