Electric motor designs can vary quite a lot, though in general they have three main parts: a rotor, a stator and a commutator. These three parts use the attractive and repulsive forces of electromagnetism, causing the motor to spin continually as long as it receives a steady flow of electric current.
What are the main parts of an electric motor?
The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.
What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?
These six components include:
- 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
- 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
- 4) The Windings. …
- 5) The Air Gap. …
- 6) The Commutator. …
- What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
What are the parts of an electric motor and their functions?
Different Parts of an Electric Motor and Their Function
- A power supply – mostly DC for a simple motor.
- Field Magnet – could be a permanent magnet or an electromagnet.
- An Armature or rotor.
What are the parts of electric motor Class 10?
Construction of Electric Motor
- (1) Armature coil. It consist of a single loop of an insulated copper wire in the form of a rectangle.
- (2) Strong field magnet. Armature coil is placed between 2 pole pieces of a strong magnet which provide strong magnetic field.
- (3) Split ring type commutator. …
- (5) Battery.
What are two main components of an electric motor?
The two main components of this kind of motor are the stator (stationary element) and the rotor (rotating element).
What is electric motor with diagram?
An electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Diagram: Electric motor. Working of an electric motor: An electric motor works on the principle of magnetic effect of electric current. In an electric motor, a rectangular coil ABCD in placed between two magnets in poles N and S.
How does an electric motor start?
It starts with the battery in the car that is connected to the motor. Electrical energy is supplied to the stator via the car’s battery. The coils within the stator (made from the conducting wire) are arranged on opposite sides of the stator core and act as magnets in a way.
How many parts does an electric motor have?
Where do we use electric motors?
The largest electric motors are used for ship propulsion, pipeline compression and pumped-storage applications with ratings reaching 100 megawatts. Electric motors are found in industrial fans, blowers and pumps, machine tools, household appliances, power tools and disk drives.
What are the types of motors?
Types of Electric Motors
- AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
- DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
- DC Brushless Motors. …
- Direct Drive. …
- Linear Motors. …
- Servo Motors. …
- Stepper Motors.
What is electric motor class 10th?
Electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy. Parts of a Electric Motor. Insulated Copper wire: A rectangular coil of wire ABCD. Magnet Poles: A magnet as placed above ie North Pole and South Pole. This creates a magnetic field as shown above.
How does a simple electric motor work?
This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. … The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.
Is electric motor and DC motor same?
A Primer on Electric Motors
Electric motors are machines that convert electrical energy—from either stored power or a direct electrical connection—into mechanical energy through the production of rotational force. … AC motors, which are powered by alternating current. DC motors, which are powered by direct current.
What is electric motor and its principle?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.
Can we convert motor to generator?
You can use just about any motor to generate electric current, if it is wired correctly and you follow specific rules for its use. Modern AC induction motors are quite simple to wire as alternating current generators, and most will begin generating electricity the first time you use them.