Rotor slip provides necessary induction of rotor currents for motor torque, which is in proportion to slip. When rotor speed increases, the slip decreases. Increasing the slip increases induced motor current, which in turn increases rotor current, resulting in a higher torque for increase load demands.
What is rotor in induction motor?
Rotor as the name suggests it is a rotating part of an electrical machine, in which current is induced by transformer action from rotating magnetic field. Induction motor rotor is of two types: Squirrel Cage Rotor. Wound Type Rotor or Slip Ring Type Rotor.
What are induction motors used for?
Single-phase induction motors are used extensively for smaller loads, such as household appliances like fans. Although traditionally used in fixed-speed service, induction motors are increasingly being used with variable-frequency drives (VFD) in variable-speed service.
What are the different types of rotor used in induction motor?
There are two types of induction motor rotors:
- Squirrel-cage rotor or simply cage rotor.
- Phase wound or wound rotors. The motors that use this type of rotor are known as Slip-ring rotors.
Why induction motor rotor is skewed?
If the rotor and the stator conductors are parallel to each other, there is a strong possibility of the magnetic locking between the rotor and the stator. Therefore, the rotor slots are skewed. Prevents Crawling: The Phenomenon of the running of the induction motor at very low speed is known as the crawling.
How is induction motor rotor made?
In most induction motors, the rotor winding is of the squirrel-cage type where solid conductors in the slots are shorted together at each end of the rotor iron by conducting end rings. … For larger motors, the squirrel cage is made of copper, aluminum, or brass bars welded or brazed to end rings of a similar material.
What type of rotor is most commonly used in an induction motor?
Which motor is used in fan?
What is the principle of induction motor?
The motor which works on the principle of electromagnetic induction is known as the induction motor. The electromagnetic induction is the phenomenon in which the electromotive force induces across the electrical conductor when it is placed in a rotating magnetic field.
Which type of winding is induction motor?
The most used winding type for medium-size induction motors is a double layer winding with pitched winding step, for example pitched for two stator slots (Fig. 2). Significant advantage of the aforementioned winding is a smaller mass of inserted copper because of shortest winding-ends.
What are the two types of rotors?
The four different rotor types are:
- Blank & Smooth – Blank and smooth rotors are what you’ll find on most passenger vehicles and feature a smooth, blank metal surface all the way around the rotor.
- Drilled – Drilled rotors feature drilled holes around the metal surface.
What are the main parts of 3 phase induction motor?
The stator of the three-phase induction motor consists of three main parts :
- Stator frame,
- Stator core,
- Stator winding or field winding.
What are the applications of 3 phase induction motor?
Applications of Three Phase Induction Motor
- Large capacity exhaust fans.
- Driving lathe machines.
- Oil extracting mills.
- Textile and etc.
What is the other name of induction motor?
An induction motor (also known as an asynchronous motor) is a commonly used AC electric motor. In an induction motor, the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained via electromagnetic induction from the rotating magnetic field of the stator winding.
Why are induction motor called asynchronous?
Induction motor works on the principle of induction i.e., when the power supply is given to the stator, it produces rotating magnetic field which gets induced in the rotor of induction motor causing rotor to rotate. As they run at Asynchronous speed they are called Asynchronous motor.
What is synchronous speed?
Synchronous speed is a significant parameter for the rotating magnetic field-type AC motor. It is determined by the frequency and the number of magnetic poles. Synchronous speed No = [rps, revolutions per second] f = Frequency [Hz]