An electric motor is a device used to convert electricity into mechanical energy—opposite to an electric generator. They operate using principles of electromagnetism, which shows that a force is applied when an electric current is present in a magnetic field.
What is the purpose of an electric motor?
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.
What was the first electric motor used for?
1834 – The first electric motor is made
This was the first electric motor that had enough power to perform a task and his invention was used to power a small-scale printing press.
What appliances use an electric motor?
electric motors are used in electric fans ,coolers , refrigrators ,mixer ,and grinders ,washing machine ,water pump,and electric cars.23 мая 2020 г.
How does a simple electric motor work?
This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. … The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.
What is the price of electric motor?
Questions & Answers on Single Phase Electric MotorPowerMin PriceMax Price10-100 KWRs 3500/PieceRs 8000/PieceRs 2000/PieceRs 8500/PieceЕщё 1 строка
What makes an electric motor more powerful?
The strength of the motor (torque) is determined by voltage and the length of the wire in an electromagnet in the stator, the longer the wire (which means more coils in the stator) the stronger the magnetic field. This means more power to turn the rotor.
Can an electric motor generate electricity?
Converting energy from one form to another is the key to understanding the differences between electric motors and generators. An electric motor converts electricity into mechanical energy, providing a power source for machinery. A generator does the opposite of this, converting mechanical energy into electricity.
How long can an electric motor run continuously?
You should anticipate, given proper attendance, that the motor can run continuously for the life of its brushes, which should be in the range of six months to a year. Presuming that the motor is too small to have its brushes changed by a trained electrician while running.
What are 2 household appliances that use an electric motor?
The electric washing machine, invented Alva J. Fisher in 1906, is a common home appliance that makes use of an electric motor. Other home appliances that use electric motors include clothes dryers, vacuum cleaners, fans, air conditioners, refrigerators and freezers.
What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?
These six components include:
- 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
- 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
- 4) The Windings. …
- 5) The Air Gap. …
- 6) The Commutator. …
- What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
What are the types of electric motor?
Types of Electric Motors
- AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
- DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
- DC Brushless Motors. …
- Direct Drive. …
- Linear Motors. …
- Servo Motors. …
- Stepper Motors.
How do I know if a motor is AC or DC?
Look for the stator core construction and rotor. If there is no commutator, then it is a AC motor. If there is a commutator and brushes, it may be either a DC motor or an AC commutator motor (Universal motor).
Can we convert motor to generator?
You can use just about any motor to generate electric current, if it is wired correctly and you follow specific rules for its use. Modern AC induction motors are quite simple to wire as alternating current generators, and most will begin generating electricity the first time you use them.
What is the principle of motor?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.