What is torque speed characteristic of induction motor?

Torque Speed Characteristic is the curve plotted between the torque and the speed of the induction motor. As we have already discussed the torque of the induction motor in the topic Torque Equation of an Induction motor. The equation of the torque is given as shown below.

What is Torque slip characteristics of induction motor?

The torque slip curve for an induction motor gives us the information about the variation of torque with the slip. The slip is defined as the ratio of difference of synchronous speed and actual rotor speed to the synchronous speed of the machine.

What is the relation between torque and speed in induction motor?

The relation between torque and speed are inversely proportional to each other. The torque of a rotating object can be mathematically written as the ratio of power and angular velocity.

What is the name of the torque speed characteristics curve of the motor?

Figure 1 showed a plot of induction motor torque vs speed from zero to synchronous speed. This curve is called the torque-speed characteristic curve. We can derive an equation from the equivalent circuit that allows the calculation of the torque for a given value of slip.

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What is Torque induction?

The developed Torque or Induced Torque Equation in a machine is defined as the Torque generated by the electric to mechanical power conversion. The torque is also known as Electromagnetic Torque. … Synchronous Watt is the torque that develops the power of 1 Watt when the machine is running at synchronous speed.

Why the torque characteristics are straight line?

After magnetic saturation of the field poles, flux ɸ is independent of armature current Ia. Therefore, the torque varies proportionally to Ia only, T ∝ Ia. Therefore, after magnetic saturation, Ta-Ia curve becomes a straight line. The shaft torque (Tsh) is less than armature torque (Ta) due to stray losses.

How does an induction motor start?

When the supply is connected to the stator of a three-phase induction motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced, and the rotor starts rotating and the induction motor starts. … At the time of starting, the motor slip is unity, and the starting current is very large.

What is motor torque formula?

As you see this equation torque is the product of the force and the distance between the force and the center of rotation. For example, if you want to hold the force acting on the end of pulley, T = F x r.

What is the relationship between torque and speed?

Torque is inversely proportional to speed. Thus, when speed increases, torque will decrease.

How is motor torque calculated?

  1. Torque (lb.in) = 63,025 x Power (HP) / Speed (RPM)
  2. Power (HP) = Torque (lb.in) x Speed (RPM) / 63,025.
  3. Torque (N.m) = 9.5488 x Power (kW) / Speed (RPM)
  4. Power (kW) = Torque (N.m) x Speed (RPM) / 9.5488.
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What is Torque speed characteristics?

Torque Speed Characteristic is the curve plotted between the torque and the speed of the induction motor. … As the rotor resistance increases, the pullout speed of the motor decreases. In this condition, the maximum torque remains constant.

What is synchronous speed?

Synchronous speed is a significant parameter for the rotating magnetic field-type AC motor. It is determined by the frequency and the number of magnetic poles. Synchronous speed No = [rps, revolutions per second] f = Frequency [Hz]

What is slip in 3 phase induction?

This speed difference is called slip. Therefore, the difference between the synchronous speed Ns of the rotating stator field and the actual rotor speed N is called slip. The slip increase with load and is necessary for torque production. Slip speed is equal to the difference between rotor speed and synchronous speed.

What is maximum torque in induction motor?

The developed torque is maximum when the rotor resistance per phase is equal to the rotor reactance per phase under running conditions. By putting the value of sX20 = R2 in the equation (1) we get the equation for maximum torque.

What is the starting torque?

Starting torque is the torque transferred by the shaft coupling during run-up (see Start-up process). It is calculated based on the ratio of power (P) to angular velocity (ω) and is represented as a rotational speed function.

What is pull out torque?

The maximum torque that can be applied to a motor operating at a given speed without losing synchronism.