An armature is used as an electric motor or generator. The armature is used to communicate between two magnetic fluxes. When the armature is used as an electric motor, due to relative motion between flux produced by the field winding and the flux produced by the armature winding the EMF is induced.
What is an armature in an electric motor?
In electrical engineering, an armature is the component of an electric machine which carries alternating current. … When the machine or motor is used as a motor, this EMF opposes the armature current, and the armature converts electrical power to mechanical power in the form of torque, and transfers it via the shaft.
What is the function of armature in electric motor Class 10?
1) Armature- Rotates when electric current is passed hence its kinetic energy can be used for various purposes. 2) Brushes- Maintains contact of the armature coil with the main circuit while rotating. 3) Split Rings- Prevents the rotation of the main circuit while the rotation of armature coil.
Where is the armature in a motor?
A DC motor has coils of wire mounted in slots on a cylinder of ferromagnetic material, which is termed the armature. The armature is mounted on bearings and is free to rotate. It is mounted in the magnetic field produced by permanent magnets or current passing through coils of wire, which are called the field coils.
What is the difference between armature and rotor?
The armature is the winding to which the load is connected. In small generators, the field windings are often on the stator, and the armature windings are on the rotor. Most large machines, however, have a rotating field and a stationary armature. … Thus, the armature is the stator and the field is the rotor.
What is role of brushes in an electric motor?
A brush or carbon brush is an electrical contact which conducts current between stationary wires and moving parts, most commonly in a rotating shaft. Typical applications include electric motors, alternators and electric generators.
How does a basic electric motor work?
This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. The current goes around the coil so that it points one direction in one end of the loop and in the other direction at the other end of the loop. The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction.
What is the principle of motor?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.
What is the role of commutator in electric motor?
The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.
What are the main parts of electric motor?
The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.
What is the difference between armature and commutator?
Commutation is the process of switching the field in the armature windings to produce constant torque in one direction, and the commutator is a device connected to the armature, which enables this switching of current. The lever arm for the torque produced on the armature varies with the angle of the coil (cos α).
Where do we use electric motors?
The largest electric motors are used for ship propulsion, pipeline compression and pumped-storage applications with ratings reaching 100 megawatts. Electric motors are found in industrial fans, blowers and pumps, machine tools, household appliances, power tools and disk drives.
What is the use of armature?
The main role of an armature is multi purposed. The primary role is to transmit current across the field, therefore generating shaft torque within an active machine otherwise strength in a linear machine. The second role of an armature is to produce an EMF (electromotive force).
Why stator is used in motor?
In an electric motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the rotating armature; in a generator, the stator converts the rotating magnetic field to electric current. In fluid powered devices, the stator guides the flow of fluid to or from the rotating part of the system.
Is the rotor excitation current AC or DC?
Required magnetic flux is created in the rotor by supplying DC (Direct Current) to the rotor circuit. This Direct Current (DC) is called excitation current. Which is required to generate magnetic flux in the rotor circuit. 2.
How do you calculate armature voltage?
Refer to the armature design specifications. Calculate the induced armature voltage using the formula Eo = (Z N M)/ 60 where Eo is the induced armature voltage. For example, if Z is 360 conductors, N is 1200 rpm and M is 0.04 Wb, then [(360)(1200)(0.04)]/60 equals 288 volts.