An electric motor utilises the magnetic effect of current. It works on the principle that when a rectangular coil is placed in a magnetic field and current is passed through it, a force acts on the coil which rotates it continuously.
What is the principle of an electric motor?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.
What is the principle of electric motor and generator?
Electric generator follows Fleming’s right-hand rule. The working principle of a motor is based on the current-carrying conductor that experiences a force when it is kept in the magnetic field. The working principle of generator is based on electromagnetic induction.
What is the working of electric motor Class 10?
An electrical machine through which we can convert electrical energy into mechanical energy is called an electric motor. A force is generated due to the interaction between the magnetic field of the motor and the current flowing through a wire winding. This force acts as a torque on the motor shaft and makes it rotate.
What is the working principle of an electric motor explain the function of three parts of an electric motor?
It supplies power to the motor armature or field coils. Commutator: It is the rotating interface of the armature coil with a stationary circuit. Field Magnet: The magnetic field helps to produce a torque on the rotating armature coil by virtue of Fleming’s left-hand rule.
What is an electric motor explain with diagram?
An electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Diagram: Electric motor. Working of an electric motor: An electric motor works on the principle of magnetic effect of electric current. In an electric motor, a rectangular coil ABCD in placed between two magnets in poles N and S.
What is the role of commutator in electric motor?
The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.
What are the similarities and differences between motors and generators?
The motor and the generator are almost similar from the construction point of view, as both have stator and rotor. The main difference between the two is that the Motor is an electric device which converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. The generator is vice versa of that motor.
How do motors work physics?
A simple electric motor can be built using a coil of wire that is free to rotate between two opposite magnetic poles. When an electric current flows through the coil, the coil experiences a force and moves. A coil of wire is used with lots of turns to increase the effect of the magnetic field. …
What kind of electric motor can be used as a generator?
You can generate an alternating current with a fractional horsepower motor. For convenience, the motor should be mounted on a board, as shown, with 4 mm sockets allowing connections to the rotor and stator windings.
What is the working of motor?
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.
Is electric motor and DC motor same?
A Primer on Electric Motors
Electric motors are machines that convert electrical energy—from either stored power or a direct electrical connection—into mechanical energy through the production of rotational force. … AC motors, which are powered by alternating current. DC motors, which are powered by direct current.
What are the main parts of electric motor?
The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.
What are the two main components of an electric motor?
The two main components of this kind of motor are the stator (stationary element) and the rotor (rotating element).
What are the three main parts of an electric motor?
Electric motor designs can vary quite a lot, though in general they have three main parts: a rotor, a stator and a commutator. These three parts use the attractive and repulsive forces of electromagnetism, causing the motor to spin continually as long as it receives a steady flow of electric current.
What is the role of brushes in electric motor?
A brush or carbon brush is an electrical contact which conducts current between stationary wires and moving parts, most commonly in a rotating shaft. Typical applications include electric motors, alternators and electric generators.