On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.
What is the function of commutator in an electric motor Class 10?
Commutator rings of the coil helps to reverse the direction of current flowing through the coil after every half rotation of the coil.2 мая 2014 г.
What is the main function of electric motor?
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.
How do you test a commutator on a motor?
The third and final test is to measure the resistance of every commutator bar to the iron armature stack. If the motor armature stack is directly pressed onto the armature shaft, you can use the armature shaft for the measurement. However, in some cases, even the armature shaft is insulated from the armature stack.
What is a commutator made of?
The commutator itself is a split ring, typically made of copper, with each segment of the ring attached to each end of the armature coil. If the armature has multiple coils, the commutator will similarly have multiple segments—one for each end of each coil.
What is the role of commutator?
The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.
What is electric motor and its principle?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.
What are the two main components of an electric motor?
The two main components of this kind of motor are the stator (stationary element) and the rotor (rotating element).
What are the main parts of an electric motor?
The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.
How does an electric motor work simple?
This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. The current goes around the coil so that it points one direction in one end of the loop and in the other direction at the other end of the loop. The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction.
Can a commutator be repaired?
Mold-type commutators are not repairable and must be replaced if damaged. When a commutator comes in for a repair, units are disassembled and rebuilt with new copper and mica segments using the same quality assurance processes applied to new commutators.
How do you test if an electric motor is good?
With a multimeter set to low ohms (usually 200), test between each winding terminal and the metal casing of the motor. If there is any reading on any of these then the motor is bad, do not use it. You may find that when it runs ungrounded that the casing becomes live at up to supply voltage.
How do I know if my electric motor brushes are bad?
If there’s a banging sound inside the tool’s motor when it runs, then it’s probably a brush. It could also be a bad armature, but if that is the case then it’s most likely that the brushes will have to be replaced anyway. The banging sound is caused by either a damaged or misshapen brush, or a misshapen armature.
Can commutator convert AC to DC?
Now imagine the current coming from the coils on the rotor. Coil 1 enters the North Pole of the magnetic field and current flows through Commutator side 1 to Brush 1. … In that way, the commutator converts AC to DC because it never allows current to change direction in the brushes. AC current rises and falls in a cycle.
How is a commutator made?
It consists of a cylinder composed of multiple metal contact segments on the rotating armature of the machine. Two or more electrical contacts called “brushes” made of a soft conductive material like carbon press against the commutator, making sliding contact with successive segments of the commutator as it rotates.