What is mean by induction motor?

An induction motor or asynchronous motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding. An induction motor can therefore be made without electrical connections to the rotor.

How does an induction motor start?

When the supply is connected to the stator of a three-phase induction motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced, and the rotor starts rotating and the induction motor starts. … At the time of starting, the motor slip is unity, and the starting current is very large.

What are the parts of induction motor?

Parts of Induction Motors

  • Stator. The stator is the stationary portion of the motor and delivers a rotating magnetic field to interact with the rotor. …
  • Rotor. The rotor is the central component of the motor, and is fixed to the shaft. …
  • Shaft. The motor shaft is fixed within the rotor, and rotates with it. …
  • Bearings. …
  • Casing.
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Where are induction motors used?

Used in almost every process, induction motors are mainly used in water pumps, kitchen appliances, fans and air conditioners, automobiles and common industrial machinery like boiler pumps and compressors.

What is Motor and its types?

The working principle of the electric motor mainly depends on the interaction of magnetic and electric field. The electric motor is mainly classified into two types. They are the AC motor and the DC motor. The AC motor takes alternating current as an input, whereas the DC motor takes direct current.

What is induction motor and how it works?

An induction motor or asynchronous motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding. An induction motor can therefore be made without electrical connections to the rotor.

What are the advantages of induction motor?

Induction Motor Advantages:

  • Induction motors are simple and rugged in construction. …
  • Induction motors are cheaper in cost due to the absence of brushes, commutators, and slip rings.
  • They are maintenance free motors unlike dc motors and synchronous motors due to the absence of brushes, commutators and slip rings.

What are the two main parts of an induction motor?

Like any other electrical motor, induction motor have two main parts namely rotor and stator.

Which type of winding is induction motor?

The most used winding type for medium-size induction motors is a double layer winding with pitched winding step, for example pitched for two stator slots (Fig. 2). Significant advantage of the aforementioned winding is a smaller mass of inserted copper because of shortest winding-ends.

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What are the main parts of a motor?

Electric motor designs can vary quite a lot, though in general they have three main parts: a rotor, a stator and a commutator. These three parts use the attractive and repulsive forces of electromagnetism, causing the motor to spin continually as long as it receives a steady flow of electric current.

Which motor is used in fan?

induction motor

What is difference between induction motor and synchronous motor?

A three phase Synchronous motor is a doubly excited machine, whereas an induction motor is a single excited machine. The armature winding of the Synchronous motor is energized from an AC source and its field winding from a DC source. The stator winding of Induction Motor is energized from an AC source.

Where is DC motor used?

Small DC motors are used in tools, toys, and appliances. The universal motor can operate on direct current but is a lightweight brushed motor used for portable power tools and appliances. Larger DC motors are currently used in propulsion of electric vehicles, elevator and hoists, and in drives for steel rolling mills.

What is Motor explain?

A dictionary describes, “a motor is a machine that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy.” In another words, the electrical energy is a “battery” and the mechanical energy is the “rotation.” To explain a motor physically, the well-known “Fleming’s left hand rule” is a good approach.

What is motor principle?

12.2 Introduction and definition of the motor principle

The principle of the electric motor is that it converts electrical energy into kinetic energy (mechanical energy) through the interaction of the two magnetic fields.

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What are the types of motors?

Types of Electric Motors

  • AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
  • DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
  • DC Brushless Motors. …
  • Direct Drive. …
  • Linear Motors. …
  • Servo Motors. …
  • Stepper Motors.
Motors