What is electric motor and its principle and working?

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.

What is the principle and working of electric motor?

The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.

What is the working principle of motor?

The DC motor is the motor which converts the direct current into the mechanical work. It works on the principle of Lorentz Law, which states that “the current carrying conductor placed in a magnetic and electric field experience a force”.

What is the working of electric motor Class 10?

An electrical machine through which we can convert electrical energy into mechanical energy is called an electric motor. A force is generated due to the interaction between the magnetic field of the motor and the current flowing through a wire winding. This force acts as a torque on the motor shaft and makes it rotate.

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What is an electric motor explain with diagram?

An electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Diagram: Electric motor. Working of an electric motor: An electric motor works on the principle of magnetic effect of electric current. In an electric motor, a rectangular coil ABCD in placed between two magnets in poles N and S.

What is electric generator principle?

Electric generators work on the principle of electromagnetic induction. A conductor coil (a copper coil tightly wound onto a metal core) is rotated rapidly between the poles of a horseshoe type magnet. … The magnetic field will interfere with the electrons in the conductor to induce a flow of electric current inside it.15 мая 2019 г.

What is the role of commutator in electric motor?

The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.

What are the types of motors?

Types of Electric Motors

  • AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
  • DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
  • DC Brushless Motors. …
  • Direct Drive. …
  • Linear Motors. …
  • Servo Motors. …
  • Stepper Motors.

What is different between AC and DC motor?

The most basic difference is the power source. A.C. motors are powered from alternating current (A.C.) while D.C. motors are powered from direct current (D.C.), such as batteries, D.C. power supplies or an AC-to-DC power converter.

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What are the components of a motor?

Electric motor designs can vary quite a lot, though in general they have three main parts: a rotor, a stator and a commutator. These three parts use the attractive and repulsive forces of electromagnetism, causing the motor to spin continually as long as it receives a steady flow of electric current.

What are the main parts of an electric motor?

Motor Components

The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.

What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?

These six components include:

  • 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
  • 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
  • 4) The Windings. …
  • 5) The Air Gap. …
  • 6) The Commutator. …
  • What Do All of These Components Have in Common?

Can we convert motor to generator?

You can use just about any motor to generate electric current, if it is wired correctly and you follow specific rules for its use. Modern AC induction motors are quite simple to wire as alternating current generators, and most will begin generating electricity the first time you use them.

How an electric motor works step by step?

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.

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Why are electric motors important?

More than 40% of generated electricity is consumed by industry, and two-thirds of that energy is used by electric motors. By using more efficient motors it would be possible to achieve huge savings in both energy and carbon dioxide emissions.

How do small electric motors work?

The basic idea of an electric motor is really simple: you put electricity into it at one end and an axle (metal rod) rotates at the other end giving you the power to drive a machine of some kind. … When an electric current starts to creep along a wire, it creates a magnetic field all around it.

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