Answer: An electric motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy using the magnetic effect of electricity. In an electric motor, a rectangular coil is suspended between the two poles of a magnetic field.
Which current is used in electric motor?
Which of the following is effect of electricity?
The flow of electric current causes the following effects in a conductor: heating effect, chemical effect, magnetic effect.
Why are electric motors important?
More than 40% of generated electricity is consumed by industry, and two-thirds of that energy is used by electric motors. By using more efficient motors it would be possible to achieve huge savings in both energy and carbon dioxide emissions.
What problems do electric motors run into?
The Most Common Electric Motor Breakdowns
- Bad Insulation Resistance. This is one of the most common breakdowns and, sadly, one of the most difficult to deal with. …
- Electrical Overload. Essentially, this means that an excess of electrical current flows through motor windings. …
- Vibration Problems. …
Which motor is powerful AC or DC?
AC motors are generally considered to be more powerful than DC motors because they can generate higher torque by using a more powerful current. However, DC motors are typically more efficient and make better use of their input energy.
Which is more powerful AC or DC?
A.C. is said to be four to five times more dangerous than D.C. For one thing, A.C. causes more severe muscular contractions. … The frequency of the AC has a lot to do with the effect on the human body. Unfortunately, 60 cycles is in the most harmful range. At this frequency, as little as 25 volts can kill.
What are 3 effects of electric current?
The three effects of electric current are:
- Heating effect.
- Magnetic effect.
- Chemical effect.
What are two effects of electric current?
Answer: The two effects of electric current are; heating effect and magnetic effect.
What are the four effects of electricity?
The ‘effects of electricity’ line
- magnetic effect.
- heating effect.
- chemical effect.
- electric shocks.
What is the role of commutator in electric motor?
The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.
What is electric motor and its principle?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.
What makes an electric motor more powerful?
The strength of the motor (torque) is determined by voltage and the length of the wire in an electromagnet in the stator, the longer the wire (which means more coils in the stator) the stronger the magnetic field. This means more power to turn the rotor.
Can electric motors be repaired?
If an electric motor operates at too high a voltage, excess current flowing through the windings can cause them to become hot and burn out. While it is normally not practical to repair small, direct current (DC) motors that have burned out, other motors can be repaired by rewinding.
Can an electric motor become weak?
Yes, electric motors can get weaker over time. Bearings wear out and electric insulation breaks down and can start developing shorts in the winding’s. … The motor drives the generator, and some current from generator is used to run the motor.
Why do electric motors lose power?
Nearly half of electrical failures in motors begin with weakening of the insulation around individual wires in the motor coils. This is often caused by thermal stress, contamination and movement of the winding due to the magnetic forces during start-up and shut-down of the motor.