Torque ripple is an effect seen in many electric motor designs, referring to a periodic increase or decrease in output torque as the motor shaft rotates. It is measured as the difference in maximum and minimum torque over one complete revolution, generally expressed as a percentage.
What is torque ripple in motor?
Torque ripple—variations in torque production during shaft revolution—is an undesirable effect that occurs in permanent magnet motors, preventing smooth motor rotation. Torque ripple is generally defined as non-linear torque production of an energized motor.
What is torque in an induction motor?
Torque is the turning force through a radius – with the units Nm in the SI-system and the units lb ft in the imperial system. The torque developed by an asynchronous induction motor varies when the motor accelerates from zero to maximum operating speed.
What is torque pulsation?
The method indicates that torque fluctuations are due mainly to the interaction of fundamental flux in the air gap at harmonic rotor currents. …
What is starting torque of a motor?
Starting torque is the maximum torque that can be produced by a motor in order to start rotational movement of the load. Stall torque is the maximum torque that can be applied to the shaft and cause the motor to stop rotating. … This would be the starting/stall current.
What causes torque ripple?
The torque ripple in electrical machines is caused by many factors such as cogging torque, the interaction between the MMF and the airgap flux harmonics, or mechanical imbalances, e.g. excentricity of the rotor.
How is cogging torque calculated?
There are several possible ways of measuring the cogging torque, for example, by using (a) conventional torque transducer; (b) strain gauge bridge based on the reaction torque on the stator; (c) torque observer based on the voltage and current measurements; (d) special torque transducer for cogging torque measurement.
What is motor torque formula?
As you see this equation torque is the product of the force and the distance between the force and the center of rotation. For example, if you want to hold the force acting on the end of pulley, T = F x r.
What is maximum torque in induction motor?
The developed torque is maximum when the rotor resistance per phase is equal to the rotor reactance per phase under running conditions. By putting the value of sX20 = R2 in the equation (1) we get the equation for maximum torque.
How do we calculate torque?
A practical way to calculate the magnitude of the torque is to first determine the lever arm and then multiply it times the applied force. The lever arm is the perpendicular distance from the axis of rotation to the line of action of the force. and the magnitude of the torque is τ = N m.
Is AC motor torque highly dependent on RPM?
AC Induction Motor Speeds
The speed of an AC motor is dependent on the number of poles it has and the line frequency of the power supply, not on it’s voltage. … Two pole AC motors operating at 60 Hz will always run at approximately 3600 rpm, and four pole AC motors will have speeds around 1800 rpm.7 мая 2018 г.
How much torque does a 1 hp motor have?
The 1800 RPM, 1HP motor produces 3 ft. lbs of torque at 1800 RPM. The 3600 RPM, 1HP motor produces 1.5 ft.
Which motor is used for high starting torque?
DC Series Motors are widely used for the purposes requiring high starting torque like in Hoist, Crane, Electric Traction etc. In this post we will discuss the reason behind the high starting torque of DC Series Motor. For any DC motor, torque is directly proportional to the flux and armature current i.e.