In the armature, an electromotive force is created by the relative motion of the armature and the field. When the machine or motor is used as a motor, this EMF opposes the armature current, and the armature converts electrical power to mechanical power in the form of torque, and transfers it via the shaft.
What is the function of armature in electric motor Class 10?
1) Armature- Rotates when electric current is passed hence its kinetic energy can be used for various purposes. 2) Brushes- Maintains contact of the armature coil with the main circuit while rotating. 3) Split Rings- Prevents the rotation of the main circuit while the rotation of armature coil.
What is the use of armature?
The main role of an armature is multi purposed. The primary role is to transmit current across the field, therefore generating shaft torque within an active machine otherwise strength in a linear machine. The second role of an armature is to produce an EMF (electromotive force).
What are the parts of an electric motor and their functions?
Different Parts of an Electric Motor and Their Function
- A power supply – mostly DC for a simple motor.
- Field Magnet – could be a permanent magnet or an electromagnet.
- An Armature or rotor.
What is the role of brushes in electric motor?
A brush or carbon brush is an electrical contact which conducts current between stationary wires and moving parts, most commonly in a rotating shaft. Typical applications include electric motors, alternators and electric generators.
What is the principle of motor?
The principle of an electric motor is based on the current carrying conductor which produces magnetic field around it. A current carrying conductor is placed perpendicular to the magnetic field so that it experiences a force.
What are the main parts of an electric motor?
The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.
What is armature voltage?
Armature voltage is the voltage developed at the terminals of the armature winding of an AC or a DC machine during generation of power.
Is armature and rotor same?
The armature is the winding to which the load is connected. In small generators, the field windings are often on the stator, and the armature windings are on the rotor. Most large machines, however, have a rotating field and a stationary armature. … Thus, the armature is the stator and the field is the rotor.
What are two main components of an electric motor?
The two main components of this kind of motor are the stator (stationary element) and the rotor (rotating element).
What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?
These six components include:
- 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
- 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
- 4) The Windings. …
- 5) The Air Gap. …
- 6) The Commutator. …
- What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
What are the types of motors?
Types of Electric Motors
- AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
- DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
- DC Brushless Motors. …
- Direct Drive. …
- Linear Motors. …
- Servo Motors. …
- Stepper Motors.
Why do motors need brushes?
Each conducting segment is wired to a winding of the armature. The function of the brushes is to conduct electricity to the individual segments as they rotate from brush to brush. This allows the motor to turn in one direction at a speed determined by the number of windings in the armature.
How does a basic electric motor work?
This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. The current goes around the coil so that it points one direction in one end of the loop and in the other direction at the other end of the loop. The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction.
Why are brushes used in DC motors?
In dc motors, the carbon brush makes sure the commutation process remains free from sparks. This contact is a sliding contact capable of transmitting electric current from static to the rotating part of a generator or electric motor. A single or several carbon blocks composes a brush.19 мая 2017 г.