Quick Answer: What is the basic physics of an electric motor?

An electric motor converts electrical energy into physical movement. Electric motors generate magnetic fields with electric current through a coil. The magnetic field then causes a force with a magnet that causes movement or spinning that runs the motor.

How does a simple motor work physics?

This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. … Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.

What is the basic idea of an electric motor?

The basic idea of an electric motor is really simple: you put electricity into it at one end and an axle (metal rod) rotates at the other end giving you the power to drive a machine of some kind. … When an electric current starts to creep along a wire, it creates a magnetic field all around it.

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What is the principle of electric motor and generator?

Electric generator follows Fleming’s right-hand rule. The working principle of a motor is based on the current-carrying conductor that experiences a force when it is kept in the magnetic field. The working principle of generator is based on electromagnetic induction.

What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?

These six components include:

  • 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
  • 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
  • 4) The Windings. …
  • 5) The Air Gap. …
  • 6) The Commutator. …
  • What Do All of These Components Have in Common?

What is the role of a simple motor?

Motors turn electrical energy into rotational motion called torque. … The simple motor built in class uses a coil that is a temporary electromagnet. This coil gets the force to help create torque from the electrical current supplied by the battery.

What is an electric motor explain with diagram?

An electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Diagram: Electric motor. Working of an electric motor: An electric motor works on the principle of magnetic effect of electric current. In an electric motor, a rectangular coil ABCD in placed between two magnets in poles N and S.

Where do we use electric motors?

The largest electric motors are used for ship propulsion, pipeline compression and pumped-storage applications with ratings reaching 100 megawatts. Electric motors are found in industrial fans, blowers and pumps, machine tools, household appliances, power tools and disk drives.

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What is the price of electric motor?

Questions & Answers on Single Phase Electric MotorPowerMin PriceMax Price10-100 KWRs 3500/PieceRs 8000/Piece<10 KWRs 2000/PieceRs 8500/PieceЕщё 1 строка

What is the role of commutator in electric motor?

The commutator assures that the current from the generator always flows in one direction. … On DC and most AC motors the purpose of the commutator is to insure that the current flowing through the rotor windings is always in the same direction, and the proper coil on the rotor is energized in respect to the field coils.

What are the types of motor?

Types of Electric Motors

  • AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
  • DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
  • DC Brushless Motors. …
  • Direct Drive. …
  • Linear Motors. …
  • Servo Motors. …
  • Stepper Motors.

What is the basic principle of generator?

Electric generators work on the principle of electromagnetic induction. A conductor coil (a copper coil tightly wound onto a metal core) is rotated rapidly between the poles of a horseshoe type magnet. The conductor coil along with its core is known as an armature.15 мая 2019 г.

How does an electric motor start?

It starts with the battery in the car that is connected to the motor. Electrical energy is supplied to the stator via the car’s battery. The coils within the stator (made from the conducting wire) are arranged on opposite sides of the stator core and act as magnets in a way.

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What are the four parts of an electric motor?

Motor Components

The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.

How many parts does an electric motor have?

three parts

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