A wound-rotor motor, also known as slip ring-rotor motor, is a type of induction motor where the rotor windings are connected through slip rings to external resistance. Adjusting the resistance allows control of the speed/torque characteristic of the motor.
Where is slip ring induction motor used?
A slip ring induction motor is capable of maintaining the highest torque at any slip. Even a high braking torque can be maintained easily. It is mainly used for high starting torque which makes use of an external resistance. They can help in speed control for lifts, railway traction, elevators, etc.
What type of motor uses slip rings?
In a version of the AC induction motor referred to as a wound rotor motor, slip rings are used not for transferring power, but for inserting resistance into the rotor windings. A wound rotor motor uses three slip rings — typically made of copper or a copper alloy — mounted to (but insulated from) the motor shaft.
What is the difference between induction motor and slip ring motor?
Key Differences Between Slip Ring & Squirrel Cage Induction Motor. The motor whose rotor is wound type such type of motor is called slip ring induction motor, whereas the squirrel cage motor, has a squirrel cage type rotor. … The starting torque of the slip-ring motor is high, whereas in squirrel cage motor it is low.
What are slip rings made of?
Composition. Typically, a slip ring consists of a stationary graphite or metal contact (brush) which rubs on the outside diameter of a rotating metal ring. As the metal ring turns, the electric current or signal is conducted through the stationary brush to the metal ring making the connection.
Why do motors have brushes?
Each conducting segment is wired to a winding of the armature. The function of the brushes is to conduct electricity to the individual segments as they rotate from brush to brush. This allows the motor to turn in one direction at a speed determined by the number of windings in the armature.
What is motor slip formula?
Slip speed is the speed difference between the Synchronous speed and Rotor speed. Slip speed = Synchronous speed – Rotor speed = Ns -N. Slip, s = (Ns – N) / Ns.
What is slip speed?
The speed at which the induction motor work is known as the slip speed. … The difference between the synchronous speed and the actual speed of the rotor is known as the slip speed. In other words, the slip speed shows the relative speed of the rotor concerning the speed of the field.
What is slip in AC motor?
Slip is the differentiation between synchronous and asynchronous speed. … The difference between the synchronous speed of the electric motor magnetic field, and the shaft rotating speed is slip – measured in RPM or frequency. Slip increases with increasing load – providing a greater torque.
What are the advantages of slip ring induction motor?
Slip rings Induction motor provides some advantages like provides high starting torque, low starting current and it improves the power factor. We can add external variable resistance to the rotor of this type of motor. So, we are able to control the speed of this type of motor easily.
What is cogging and crawling in induction motor?
A.Cogging can also be reduced by using skewed rotor. Q.What is Crawling? A: It has been observed that squirrel cage type induction motor has a tendency to run at very low speed compared to its synchronous speed, this phenomenon is known as crawling. The resultant speed is nearly 1/7th of its synchronous speed.
What is synchronous speed?
Synchronous speed is a significant parameter for the rotating magnetic field-type AC motor. It is determined by the frequency and the number of magnetic poles. Synchronous speed No = [rps, revolutions per second] f = Frequency [Hz]
How does an induction motor start?
When the supply is connected to the stator of a three-phase induction motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced, and the rotor starts rotating and the induction motor starts. … At the time of starting, the motor slip is unity, and the starting current is very large.
What is the slip?
SLIP is the difference between the synchronous speed of the magnetic field and the shaft rotating speed and would be some number of RPM or frequency. The slip increases with an increasing load, thus providing a greater torque.
Why are slip rings used in AC generators?
The function of slip ring in an AC generator is that these are the hollow rings that are connected to the ends of the armature coil. They help in rotation of the coil. Also, they provide electric contact with the brushes. … A slip ring in an electric motor is used an electrical joint to transmit power.
Does a DC generator have slip rings?
A Dc generator also consists of a coil with a number of turns, rotating between the poles of a magnetic field. … But in a dc generator, the slip rings are replaced by the two split rings which perform the process of commutation. Commutation is the process of converting ac power into dc power.