# How does a basic electric motor work?

Contents

This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. … The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.

## How does a basic motor work?

An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.

## How does a simple DC electric motor work?

Electric motors turn electricity into motion by exploiting electromagnetic induction. A simple direct current (DC) motor is illustrated below. The motor features a permanent horseshoe magnet (called the stator because it’s fixed in place) and an turning coil of wire called an armature (or rotor, because it rotates).

## What are the basic elements of a simple electric motor?

Electric motor designs can vary quite a lot, though in general they have three main parts: a rotor, a stator and a commutator. These three parts use the attractive and repulsive forces of electromagnetism, causing the motor to spin continually as long as it receives a steady flow of electric current.

## What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?

These six components include:

• 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
• 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
• 4) The Windings. …
• 5) The Air Gap. …
• 6) The Commutator. …
• What Do All of These Components Have in Common?

## What are 3 types of motor controls?

There are mainly there are three types of motor control circuits:

• Direct On Line Starter (DOL starter)
• Star Delta Starter.
• Auto Transformer Starter.

## Why does a simple electric motor work?

This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. … The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.

## What are the types of electric motor?

Types of Electric Motors

• AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
• DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
• DC Brushless Motors. …
• Direct Drive. …
• Linear Motors. …
• Servo Motors. …
• Stepper Motors.

## What are the applications of DC motor?

Applications. DC motors are suitable for many applications – including conveyors, turntables and others for which adjustable speed and constant or low-speed torque are required. They also work well in dynamic braking and reversing applications, which are common in many industrial machines.

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## How do you make an electric motor more powerful?

We can increase the turning force (or torque) that the motor can create in three ways: either we can have a more powerful permanent magnet, or we can increase the electric current flowing through the wire, or we can make the coil so it has many “turns” (loops) of very thin wire instead of one “turn” of thick wire.

## How does a 12v DC motor work?

In a DC motor, the stator provides a rotating magnetic field that drives the armature to rotate. A simple DC motor uses a stationary set of magnets in the stator, and a coil of wire with a current running through it to generate an electromagnetic field aligned with the centre of the coil.

## What are the four parts of an electric motor?

Motor Components

The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.

## What are the two main components of an electric motor?

The two main components of this kind of motor are the stator (stationary element) and the rotor (rotating element).

## How does an electric motor start?

It starts with the battery in the car that is connected to the motor. Electrical energy is supplied to the stator via the car’s battery. The coils within the stator (made from the conducting wire) are arranged on opposite sides of the stator core and act as magnets in a way.