An induction motor cannot run at synchronous speed. At synchronous speed, slip is zero and hence torque developed by the motor is zero. In case of ideal motor having zero friction and zero losses, and no external load, motor can rotate at synchronous speed, because motor need not develop any torque to sustain rotation.
What happens when induction motor runs at synchronous speed?
An induction motor can’t development torque at synchronous speed because an induction motor can’t run at synchronous speed because if it runs at synchronous speed the relative speed between the rotor and stator R.M.F will be zero so the torque will be zero.
Which motor runs at synchronous speed?
What would happen if synchronous speed is equal to rotor speed?
If the rotor reached synchronous speed, there would be no movement of stator field relative to the rotor conductors, and no induced voltage, current or torque. In order that the no-load losses can be met, the rotor attains a speed less than synchronous.
When the induction motor runs faster than the synchronous speed the induction motor runs as?
When induction motor runs faster than synchronous speed, induction motor runs as induction generator.
How do you control the speed of an induction motor?
Speed Control of Three Phase Induction Motor
- V / f control or frequency control.
- Changing the number of stator poles.
- Controlling supply voltage.
- Adding rheostat in the stator circuit.
What is synchronous speed?
Synchronous speed is a significant parameter for the rotating magnetic field-type AC motor. It is determined by the frequency and the number of magnetic poles. Synchronous speed No = [rps, revolutions per second] f = Frequency [Hz]
Why do induction motors have air gaps?
The air gap refers to an actual physical gap in an electric motor that separates the moving rotor and the stator core. This gap is a necessary part of motor design and the size of the air gap is one of the keys to motor performance and reliability.19 мая 2020 г.
Why the synchronous motor is not self starting?
Above a certain size, synchronous motors are not self-starting motors. This property is due to the inertia of the rotor; it cannot instantly follow the rotation of the magnetic field of the stator. … Once the rotor nears the synchronous speed, the field winding is excited, and the motor pulls into synchronization.
What is cogging in 3 phase induction?
The phenomenon of Magnetic Locking between the stator and the rotor teeth is called Cogging or Teeth Locking. Even after applying full voltage to the stator winding, the rotor of a 3 phase induction motor fails to start. Thus, a locking is created between the stator and rotor teeth. …
What is 120 in motor speed formula?
The equation for calculating synchronous speed is: S = 120 f/P speed = constant (120) times frequency of power source (60 Hz) divided by number of poles used in the motor (P). Where does the 120 come from and what units does it have? There is RPM on one side and Cycles/second divided by #of poles on the other.
What is slip speed?
The speed at which the induction motor work is known as the slip speed. … The difference between the synchronous speed and the actual speed of the rotor is known as the slip speed. In other words, the slip speed shows the relative speed of the rotor concerning the speed of the field.
What is rotor EMF?
When rotor starts running, the relative speed between it and the rotating stator flux is decreased. … Hence, the rotor induced e.m.f. which is directly proportional to this relative speed, is also decreased (and may disappear altogether if rotor speed were to become equal to the speed of stator flux).
How does an induction motor start?
When the supply is connected to the stator of a three-phase induction motor, a rotating magnetic field is produced, and the rotor starts rotating and the induction motor starts. … At the time of starting, the motor slip is unity, and the starting current is very large.
What is normal slip of an induction motor?
Because of this speed difference, the motor rotates at a speed slightly slower than the synchronous speed. Slip is normally expressed in percentage. Slip of a power induction motor is 2 to 3% when the motor is operated under the rated load.
Can a AC motor generate electricity?
You can use just about any motor to generate electric current, if it is wired correctly and you follow specific rules for its use. Modern AC induction motors are quite simple to wire as alternating current generators, and most will begin generating electricity the first time you use them.