Electric motor designs can vary quite a lot, though in general they have three main parts: a rotor, a stator and a commutator. These three parts use the attractive and repulsive forces of electromagnetism, causing the motor to spin continually as long as it receives a steady flow of electric current.
What are the main parts of an electric motor?
The components of an electric motor may include a rotor, thin sheets of stacked metal called laminations, a stator, wire windings, magnets, a commutator, brushes, poles, electrical interconnects and a housing.
What are the parts of an electric motor and their functions?
Different Parts of an Electric Motor and Their Function
- A power supply – mostly DC for a simple motor.
- Field Magnet – could be a permanent magnet or an electromagnet.
- An Armature or rotor.
What are the 6 parts of an electric motor?
These six components include:
- 1) The Rotor. The rotor is the moving part of your electric motor. …
- 3) The Bearings. The rotor in your electric motor is supported by bearings, which allow it to turn on its axis. …
- 4) The Windings. …
- 5) The Air Gap. …
- 6) The Commutator. …
- What Do All of These Components Have in Common?
What are the three types of motors?
Basic motors have been classified into three distinct types: AC motor, DC motor, and specialized motors.
What are two main components of an electric motor?
The two main components of this kind of motor are the stator (stationary element) and the rotor (rotating element).
What is electric motor with diagram?
An electric motor is a device that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Diagram: Electric motor. Working of an electric motor: An electric motor works on the principle of magnetic effect of electric current. In an electric motor, a rectangular coil ABCD in placed between two magnets in poles N and S.
How does a simple electric motor work?
This simple electric motor works by the magnetic force F = IL x B. … The magnetic field at both of these spots points in the same direction. Thus, the magnetic force on the wire at opposite ends of the loop points in opposite directions, causing it to spin.
What are the types of motors?
Types of Electric Motors
- AC Brushless Motors. AC brushless motors are some of the most popular in motion control. …
- DC Brushed Motors. In a DC brushed motor, brush orientation on the stator determines current flow. …
- DC Brushless Motors. …
- Direct Drive. …
- Linear Motors. …
- Servo Motors. …
- Stepper Motors.
What is the role of a simple motor?
Motors turn electrical energy into rotational motion called torque. … The simple motor built in class uses a coil that is a temporary electromagnet. This coil gets the force to help create torque from the electrical current supplied by the battery.
How does an electric motor start?
It starts with the battery in the car that is connected to the motor. Electrical energy is supplied to the stator via the car’s battery. The coils within the stator (made from the conducting wire) are arranged on opposite sides of the stator core and act as magnets in a way.
What does an electric motor need in order?
An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motor’s magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motor’s shaft.
How many parts does an electric motor have?
Which motor is used in fan?
Which type of motor are used in most?
Ok, let’s take a short overview of twelve most basic motor types used for different industrial electric drives:
- DC Series Motor.
- DC Shunt Motor.
- Cumulative Compound Motor.
- Three phase Synchronous Motor.
- Squirrel Cage Induction Motor.
- Double Squirrel Cage Motor.
- Slip ring Induction Motor.
- Single phase Synchronous Motor.